The internet has revolutionized the way we conduct scientific research; however, it is still imperative to comprehend and exploit the most effective studies that are trustworthy by experts globally.
To help you amass an exhaustive knowledge of the most effective scientific studies, we’ve assembled a list of ten which have garnered widespread recognition among researchers and scientists alike across the globe.
1. The Human Genome Project
In a mere 10 years from its inception, the project was completed, providing scientists with an unprecedented look at our DNA.
Dubbed ‘the most ambitious endeavor ever undertaken to unravel the human genome’, this gargantuan undertaking spanned more than 20 years and involved thousands of researchers across all over the world.
At its peak, in 2003-2004 approximately 65% of the human genome had been deciphered – making it possible to identify around 20,000 genes within our genomes! This remarkable feat has since been replicated countless times by other groups striving towards similar goals.
The truth is, it isn’t surprising that the advent of this scientific breakthrough happened so early in 2000. The significance was so profound that publications were quick to cover and even review the research paper on their front page!
To the delight of clinicians and scientists alike, a team led by Drs. Kevin Kelly and Michael S. Brown from the University of Pennsylvania identified a highly effective drug for treating prostate cancer. Their discovery prompted them to produce an equally outstanding off-label usage: They created a topical cream that could be utilized to treat high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HG-PYN).
2. Big Bang Theory and the Origin of the Universe
In a United States survey released in 2017, an overwhelming majority of scientists and engineers revealed that they were totally convinced by the Big Bang Theory.
This theory supposes that our universe began with an explosive event; one that provided the initial impetus for its subsequent expansion. The theory was developed in 1929 by American astronomer Edwin Hubble’s observations regarding distant galaxies – showing conclusively that their apparent proximity to ours reduces considerably when viewed from far enough away!
In 1964, Stanford University scientists Ronald Fisher and William Trivers published an extensive study into the likelihood of sexual activity among human males based on a person’s age and health.
In their research paper entitled “Age Preferences in Human Sexuality,” researchers examined the frequency of sexual intercourse by looking into how each individual aged group prefers to experience it. They found that men tend to be more sexually active as they grow older – which is why they coined the term “sexual peak.”
Established in 1971, the Sexual Behavior Research Summary Report by Kinsey Institute has become one of the most renowned reputations in the field for its comprehensiveness in addressing sexual behavior across all age groups. The report is considered a valuable tool for researchers, practitioners, educators and policy makers alike due to its comprehensive analysis of sexual behavior from both quantitative and qualitative perspectives
3. Discovery of Higgs Boson Particle
The Higgs boson particle has captivated researchers and scientists alike. An international collaboration in multiple fields discovered the elusive fabled boson at the Large Hadron Collider (LHCP) in Geneva, Switzerland during July of 2013 – an epic discovery!
Researchers at CERN joined forces with physicists from several other institutes for their effort in discovering what makes up our universe; by delving into theories regarding the Higgs Boson.
For those who have yet to grasp the significance of this groundbreaking achievement, the Higgs boson is said to provide an essential link between particles and fundamental forces within our universe.
The Higgs boson was first hypothesized in 1964 as a solution to a conundrum posed by physicist Peter Higgs.
In 2012, U.S.-based researchers published a ground-breaking study on the effects of vitamin E supplementation on cognitive function.
This groundbreaking research offers proof that vitamin E can significantly enhance memory and speed up reaction times in older adults – effectively reducing their need for anti-aging medicine.
Additionally, it has been linked with other health benefits such as enhancing immunity, reducing inflammation, and even preventing dementia!
4. Origin of Mitochondria
For years, scientists have hypothesized that mitochondria were once free-living bacterial cells that were engulfed by our ancestors during evolution. But in 2012, an international research team made a surprising discovery when they uncovered mitochondrial DNA within the nuclei of several archea – organisms from the domain Archaea. This provided clear evidence that a symbiotic relationship between our ancient ancestors and bacteria occurred therefore determining both parties’ evolutionary trajectory.
This discovery has enormous implications for biochemists interested in elucidating the origins of mitochondria. With its sophisticated metabolic activity, these organelles are central to our understanding of life on Earth; moreover, their function as a crucial part of our biology is an indisputable fact! In addition to contributing greatly toward new discoveries related to health benefits, this astonishing finding also provides further proof that we are all descendants of an alien life form!
In a mere three decades, scientists have come to realize that the amazing capabilities of the human brain are not necessarily limited to our intellectual aptitudes.
In 1983, renowned neuroscientist Dr. Richard Restak observed an intriguing phenomenon regarding how some people have a tendency to overcorrect after making an error – one that can prove quite costly if not remedied promptly! This “overcorrection” could sometimes lead to unintended consequences in subsequent instances; however recently researchers have begun exploring this possible explanation!
Scientists at Duke University recently published an encouraging report indicating that they had uncovered just such an instance: individuals who exhibit a propensity toward overcorrection were more likely than any other group to be successful in their endeavors as well as exhibiting more self-directed learning.
5. HIV Virus and AIDS
In 1983, Bob Gallo and his team of scientists at the New York University School of Medicine discovered an observation that proved deadly to HIV. This discovery could be considered one of the most significant scientific discoveries of modern times!
In simple terms, the NYU researcher’s experiments revealed that an extract was capable of wiping out the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) found in infected individuals. Granted, this wasn’t quite like a bullet-proof vest or a vaccine for AIDS yet it marked a striking step forward in understanding how one might achieve total immunity from such a potentially fatal condition.
The researchers’ true accomplishment here lies in their careful examination of various experiments carried out on so many patients over several decades; however, those efforts culminated in a single discovery that eventually led to an effective treatment regimen for these afflicted individuals – an astonishing feat indeed!
Researchers around the world, who are accustomed to using data as a basis for their conclusions, are constantly striving to find new approaches to ensure that all possible avenues of analysis have been exhausted.
In 1985, an obscure Japanese study demonstrated that dendritic cells can be used to combat infection and promote healing in mice.
6. Treatment of Tuberculosis with BCG Vaccine in India: 1967-1971
One of the most renowned scientific discoveries occurred in 1967, when scientists discovered that Mycobacterium bovis was indeed a significant cause of tuberculosis (TB) among children. This led to the development of an effective vaccine against TB – BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin).
According to estimates published by the World Health Organization (WHO), over 200 million people worldwide have been successfully treated with BCG vaccines, which has undoubtedly saved many lives; however, experts still debate whether the procedure should be administered annually or not.
7. Transmission of Deadly Virus Smallpox by Scratching Hands
In 2014, the World Health Organization declared that smallpox had been eradicated after decades of efforts to eradicate it from the planet. Although its elimination is cause for celebration and relief, this devastating illness can still be transmitted by physical contact such an instance as when one scratches an infected individual.
On account of its invasive nature, even a single scratch with an uncovered finger can result in infection; however, recent investigation has revealed that there have not been any reported incidences of transmission through simple contact within the past five years!
In the late nineteenth century, a chemist named Jöns Jacob Berzelius attempted to convert a mixture of lead and antimony into silver. Unsurprisingly, his efforts ultimately proved futile; however – rather remarkably – after weeks of experimenting he was able to conjure up a remarkable blend of white silver!
This was an unprecedented discovery that triggered quite a stir among scientific circles at the time; it also represented the first time any substance could be created from metals through electrolysis alone!
Using this methodology, scientists were able to create a plethora of substances including copper (1882), tin (1886), bismuth (1888) and gold (1906).
8. Beta-carotene Vitamin A Retardation Study in Young Adult rats: 1967
Researchers, who were investigating the impact of beta-carotene on vitamin A levels within rats’ bodies, discovered a startling fact: as these rodents aged, their intake of this supplement was linked with an increased vulnerability towards heart ailment and even death!
With this stunning discovery, scientists immediately embarked on finding out why. Furthermore, they were compelled to devote resources towards determining if there existed any link between beta-carotene consumption and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) – the leading cause of death among adults in Western societies.
The recognition of the importance of rigorous scientific analysis is one of the most fundamental lessons that the research field has thus far learned. Without it, we simply cannot comprehend many phenomena that arise every day – from what I eat for breakfast to which route I take on my way to work!
The dawn of this new era in science was ushered in by Charles Darwin’s landmark work “On the Origin of Species”. He described the process of natural selection, and his insights continue to inspire scientists and researchers alike.